Hazrat Umar (RaziAllahHoTaalUnho)
History of Umar ibn al-Khattab
Caliph Umar’s empire at its peak, 644
Reign 23 August 634–7 November 644
Born 586–590 Makkah, Arabia
Died 7 November 644 Medina, Arabia
Predecessor Abu Bakr
Other titles Al-Farooq
Umar bin al-Khattab(R.A) 586–590 – 644 (Dhu al-Hijjah 26, 23 Hijri), was a leading companion and adviser to the Islamic prophet [[Muhammad]S.A.W] who later became the second Muslim Caliph after Muhammad’s death.
Converting to Islam in the 6th year after Muhammad’s first revelation, he spent 18 years as a companion of Muhammad. He succeeded Caliph Abu Bakr on 23 August 634, and played a significant role in Islamic history. Under his rule the Islamic empire expanded at an unprecedented rate, conquering the whole territory of the former Sassanid Persian Empire and more than two thirds of the Eastern Roman Empire. His legislative abilities, his firm political and administrative control over a rapidly expanding empire and his brilliantly coordinated attacks against the Sassanid Persian Empire that resulted in the conquest of the Persian empire in less than two years, marked his reputation as a great political and military leader. He was assassinated by a Persian captive.
Sunni Muslims view him as the Second Rightly-Guided Caliph and know him as Al-Farooq (he who distinguishes truth from falsehood).