A manuscript written during the Abbasid Era.
Mustansiriya University in Baghdad (the minaret in the background was used for astronomical purposes).
The alchemist Jabir ibn Hayyan, from a 15th century European portrait of Geber, Codici Ashburnhamiani 1166.
The Abbasid “Baghdad Gate” (8th. century) in Ar-Raqqah (Syria).
The spiral minaret in Samarra, Iraq. Samarra stands on the east bank of the Tigris in the Salah-ad-Din Governorate, 125 kilometers (78 mi) north of Baghdad and, in 2002, had an estimated population of 201,700. UNESCO named Samarra one of its World Heritage Sites.
Dalal Bridge in Zakho, Iraq